@State and @ObservedObject are used to declare the source of truth.

On the other hand, @Binding is NOT the truth, but an intermediary, or kind of derived truth.

Binding to a state

We can declare a state easily in a view, for a value type (never a reference type).

@State private var title: String

We can use the title as per normal String, and access it’s binding via $title ($ will use the projected value of property wrapper).

// Usage 1: Providing the value to a view

// Usage 2: In a 2-way binding

Binding is like providing a reference type to the actual value type. And it is 2-way, such that when the TextField set the binded value, the actual value type will be updated. It is kind of like passing a reference to the TextField.

Declare a binding

Let’s say now you have a view that does not have the source of truth, and so you gonna provide a binding. Declaring the binding type is easy.

@Binding var title: String

The usage is exactly the same as using state.

  • $title is still the binding, of type Binding<String>
  • title is still a String type

Providing a binding init

You can provide a custom init and pass in Binding<String>.

init(title: Binding<String>) {
    self._title = title

Just 1 strange syntax.

To set the binding, you have to use _title – yes, with an underscore! Why, you may wonder..

Isn’t $ used to access the binding?

Yes, $title will access the binding. But it is a get-only property, as said in the doc.

/// The binding value, as "unwrapped" by accessing `$foo` on a `@Binding` property.
public var projectedValue: Binding<Value> { get }

To set the binding, you have to access the synthesized property with a _.


Reminds me of the magical Objective-C days..

Creating a binding

So far we use the property wrapper @Binding to wrap a value type, thus providing a binding.

We can also create an instance of a binding directly, providing the getter & setter implementations.

let title = Binding<String>(
    get: {
        // Provide the getter
        return "Hello World"
    set: { s in
        // Provide the setter

To get the String value of the binding, use title.wrappedValue.

Constant Binding

The above getter implementation in fact is so simple, that you can use a constant “binding”.

let helloWorld = Binding.constant("Hello World")

Transforming a binding

We have the title Binding<String>. How do we implement a isTitleTooLong Bool? Answer: Computed property.

var isTitleTooLong: Bool { return title.count > 10 }

This is just a computed property, but it works for SwiftUI because when a dependency is updated, the whole view is evaluated.

You can also wrap the computed property with a Binding<Bool>.

You can even create a binding like this (in body, but not in init):

var body: some View {
    let reversed = Binding<String>(
        get: {
            return String(self.title.reversed())
        set: { s in
            self.title = String(s.reversed())

However, in all these cases, when the title Binding<String> is updated, it does not directly emit the event to the computed property nor the transforming binding. Which brings us to the next section.

Observing a binding

I don’t know how to do that.. Tell me if you know 😉

Here’s a thought, but it does not use Binding. Instead, use ObservableObject with @Published property (property wrapper providing a publisher). The published property can easily be observed.

    .sink { value in
        // Observe




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