Swift’s official migration guide gives a good overview.

Using the migration assistant in the new Xcode 9 would have helped to rename most of the SDK changes, such as moving string contants to enum cases.

This post will highlight the other trickly cases.

Distinguish single-tuple from multiple-argument function types [SE-0110]

There is an issue with Swift 3 in distinguishing between the type of the argument in a closure.

Is it a tuple with 2 arguments?

Or is it 2 arguments?

Proposal SE-0110 seeks to correct that.

In short, to declare a function type with 1 tuple, you will need to double enclose with brackets:

let a : ((Int, Int, Int)) -> Int = { x in return x.0 + x.1 + x.2 }

Xcode will also suggest rewriting f: (Void) -> () to f: () -> (), because your probably just mean that.

@objc has to be explicit [SE-0160]

The biggest change is to do with Objective-C inference.

The details is in the proposal SE-0160 (it’s long).

The change is not only source breaking, but worse, could introduce bugs unknowingly. This is because you could still build and run, but if some of your type/method is no longer available to Objective-C runtime (because @objc is no longer inferred anymore), the method will just fail to respond.

That’s why this change is big, and you should test all parts of your user flow.

The switch in project settings

After migrating to Swift 4, Swift 3 @objc Inference remains On, for good reason because as we said, this change is breaking.

There is benefits to switching it to off – that is not to infer @objc for all types. Things will be faster, binary smaller.

When you switch to Off (default), make sure your app still works well. You could unknowingly introduce bugs (likely not crash) because some functions are no longer inferred to be available to Objective-C runtime.

When it doesn’t work..

To fix, you can add 2 annotations to tell the compiler it is to be available for Objective-C runtime.

@objc can be added to a function.

@objcMembers can be added to a type, and all members and functions will be infered, unless, of course, if the function uses pure Swift features eg. tuple.

Extensions cannot override yet

Another common error as a result is to do with extension methods that are overriden.

extension Super {
  func foo() { } // Remember, without @objc, this is not available to objc 

class Sub : Super {
  override func foo() { }

The above code will have error “declarations in extensions cannot override yet”.

The fix is to add @objc to the function in the extension.

Summary of code impact

  • Subclass of NSObject no NOT infer as @objc
  • Run your tests
  • Check all app flow to make sure they are working, if not add @objc and @objcMembers
  • Add @objc to extension functions that needs to be overriden
  • dynamic must have @objc – this is easy to fix because compiler will have error




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